Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI
Imaging tests are of essential importance in the evaluation of patients to identify and ensure the diagnoses suspected by clinical history and physical examination.
They are complementary to diagnosis and testing should therefore be taken into account within the list of tests that can be performed by the doctor responsible, which is defining a diagnosis and deciding on a treatment.
All the diagnostic tests require the use of gadgetry which can sometimes cause discomfort or pain in patients and their use should be limited to indications of professionals and therefore be medically justified.
MRI is an imaging test that is based on a magnetic field and its relationship to the tissues. It is most often completely safe for the patient, not causing pain or any irradiation.
The presence of metallic material should be evaluated especially when not properly secured, since it can move with the use of MRI. This does not include screws or plates or prostheses or osteosynthesis material firmly attached to bone that has no possibility to move with conventional techniques.
The images obtained allow greater visualization of bones and joints, especially the soft tissues that can not be seen with other imaging techniques. In particular, the possible meniscal injuries or ligaments of the knee, vertebral discs, vertebral hernias, masses, cysts, any type of tissue that grows in fat, skin, muscle, are visualized by this technique.
The need to require multiple images that allow us to analyze every millimeter of the studied region makes these tests take long and sometimes for several minutes and require the patient to remain completely still. For some patients that suffer from claustrophobia, open systems have been developed and above all faster systems that bother the patient for less time.
The ease of viewing with this technique allows better diagnosis of many diseases that affect the muscular and skeletal system on a daily basis in our patients.