Since the late nineteenth century that the study of the human body began with the first X-rays, conducting this study has been and is currently one of the most popular and has more utility in our field of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology .
In Orthopaedics, evaluation of bony structures and joints is common to assess deformity, presence of degeneration injuries, arthrosis, cysts, bone growth, etc.
With this information associated with the clinical history and examination allows us to reach a more accurate diagnosis and more precise treatment for each patient.
In Traumatology it is obvious that obtaining radiological images allows us to see the presence of fractures, dislocations, and evaluate fracture types. The type of bone affected, the condition it is in, the type of fracture, soft tissue, the type of patient ... all give us a number of elements that help us decide the best treatment for each patient.
The use of radiological images assists with the effective treatment and allows for a more efficient therapeutic decision.
There are different types of X-Rays. Different projections adapted to each area to get a more accurate vision, ie the patient loading weight, or just standing, allow some functional assessment, not only a static image.
There are also functional X-Rays, where the technician or doctor puts the joint under stress to see the limits of the structure and assess the presence of ligament injuries.
Finally we can also perform articular injections of products that are radiopaque, which radiography will draw the inner contour of the capsule and the joint and allow us to visualize defects inside the joint.